Vanuatu is asking the International Court of Justice to issue an opinion on the rights of present and future generations to be protected from the adverse impacts of climate change.
Vanuatu, with a population of some 280,000 people spread across roughly 80 islands, is among more than a dozen Pacific island nations facing rising sea levels and more regular storms that could wipe out much of their economies.
“In response to the catastrophic levels of climate change loss and damage faced by this small Pacific nation, Vanuatu recognises that current levels of action and support for vulnerable developing countries within multilateral mechanisms are insufficient,” the government said in a statement on Saturday.
Vanuatu said it will route the initiative through the United Nations General Assembly.
While advisory opinions by the court are not legally binding, they carry legal weight and moral authority given its status as the highest UN court for disputes between States. Its opinions can inform the development of international law.
Pacific Islands coalition
Ahead of November’s COP26 UN climate talks in Scotland, Vanuatu will “drastically expand its diplomacy and advocacy” to build a coalition with fellow Pacific Islands and other vulnerable nations, it said.
Caleb Pollard, president of Pacific Islands Students Fighting Climate Change, said global responses so far were “mostly ‘band-aid’ solutions that are in reality just buying more time and failing to provide actual meaningful change.”
“We must address the crisis by systematically targeting the root causes of one of the biggest and most imminent threats we face today,” Pollard said in a statement.