In their efforts to trace and contain a rapidly growing coronavirus outbreak in Hong Kong, authorities have identified a prime suspect of transmission: hamsters. After one employee of a pet shop tested positive for COVID-19 in mid-December, the government swiftly closed in on the rodents, to the detriment and fury of many pet owners. Helen Davidson from the Guardian reported on the Hong Kong authorities’ decision to round up the hamsters:
Hong Kong has ordered thousands of hamsters be surrendered for “disposal” after traces of Covid-19 were found on 11 animals in a pet shop.
[…] Authorities announced on Tuesday that traces of the virus were detected on 11 hamsters out of 178 hamsters, rabbits and chinchillas tested at the Little Boss pet shop and associated warehouse in Causeway Bay while investigating the city’s first untraceable Delta variant diagnosis in more than three months, in a 23-year-old store employee.
Two employees were also confirmed to have the disease, including one who cleans out the animal cages and handles the hamsters.
In response, they ordered the immediate suspension of hamster sales and imports of all rodents. An estimated 2,000 hamsters, including any bought since 22 December, must be handed over, local media reported, and the owners must report for testing. [Source]
Officials forced all 35 licensed pet shops that sell hamsters in Hong Kong to temporarily close, and executed a mass culling. The subsequent order for pet owners to hand over their hamsters applied only to those who purchased them on or after December 22, when a local pet shop received a batch of hamsters from the Netherlands, an alleged source of the COVID-19 contamination. The order was not mandatory, but officials described it as a “strong recommendation” that could have consequences if unheeded, prompting over one hundred pet owners to relinquish their hamsters. Spooked by the news, some even handed over hamsters that had been purchased months ago. Among the 104 hamsters surrendered to the government, only one tested positive for the virus.
One woman called in tears after her family threw away her hamster without asking. She rummaged through the trash, but her pet was gone, said Sophia Chan from Life on Palm – HK Hamsters Concern Group.
— Theodora Yu (@theodorayuhk) January 20, 2022
Though some noted the tiny scale of Hong Kong’s hamstergeddon compared with episodes such as the controversial culling of 17 million mink in Denmark, the extermination of household pets strikes a deeper chord than the slaughter of animals that would, in any case, soon have been slaughtered for their fur. Many citizens viewed the policy as a cruel and unnecessary measure. Anguished parents described taking hamsters away from crying kids. “I need to process my own emotions before I know what to say to my kid,” one father said. The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals said it was “shocked” and “concerned” by the government’s plan, “which did not take animal welfare and the human-animal bond into consideration.” Agence France-Presse described the impassioned reactions of many Hong Kong hamster owners:
One owner — who bought her pet on Jan. 1 — reacted in defiance.
“No one can take my hamster away unless they kill me,” she told the Standard newspaper yesterday.
She pushed back on the government’s mass cull, recalling a recent birthday party attended by officials that resulted in multiple COVID-19 infections and left Hong Kong’s leadership red-faced.
“Will they also kill all infected COVID-19 patients and their close contacts?” she said. “If all people who attended the birthday party are culled then I will hand my hamster to the government.”
A grim humor settled on Hong Kong-centric social media accounts, with people publishing illustrations of hamsters wearing surgical masks or facing off against the Grim Reaper. [Source]
!!! “If all people who attended [NPC deputy Witman Hung Wai-man’s] birthday party are culled then I will hand my hamster to the government.” https://t.co/vEfHjgcmRL‘
— Austin Ramzy (@austinramzy) January 19, 2022
Within a day of the government announcement, over 11,000 people signed a petition calling on authorities to stop the hamster cull. Animal rights groups urged people not to surrender their hamsters in compliance with the government order, arguing that hamsters are legally considered personal property and cannot be taken away unless voluntarily given up. Some highlighted hamsters’ elevated moral status as companion animals, in contrast to livestock such as chickens, to demonstrate the ethical offense of culling them in the name of epidemic prevention. Shibani Mahtani and Theodora Yu from the Washington Post described how defiance turned into active resistance:
Resistance groups have assembled on the Telegram messaging app to share updates, drawing on methods used in anti-government protests in 2019. Nearly 3,000 people have volunteered to house the affected hamsters. On social media, concerned residents have shared photos of abandoned hamsters in the hope of enlisting rescuers. Many garnered responses in seconds.
[…] For many pet owners, the response [to the cull] was a resounding “no.” Alice, 36, said she would never turn in Siu Ding, purchased from Little Boss for her 6-year-old daughter after the cutoff date. She spoke on the condition that only her first name be used, for fear that the authorities could trace the pet.
“Their sins are too deep,” she said, referring to the government as she held back tears. “I don’t want my hamster killed.”
[…] Hamster supporters are mobilizing in creative ways. One, who is skilled in Photoshop, has offered to amend hamster purchase receipts to indicate the pets were bought before Dec. 22.
[…] “I told my mother, ‘I won’t throw you out if anything happens to you, as you are my family. Same goes for my hamster; it is my family,’ ” [a woman with the last name Yuen] said, withholding her full name out of security concerns. [Source]
YOU DO NOT HAVE TO SURRENDER YOUR PET!
They are your property by law. This is why AFCD are making anyone that does sign a surrender/waiver form which gives them permission to TAKE your pet.
Unless you give permission (PLEASE DO NOT), they cannot take your animals. pic.twitter.com/nOMoHYEx1Q
— Hong Kong Animal Law and Protection Organisation (@HongKongALPO) January 20, 2022
“After seeing calls for help on a Facebook group dedicated to rescuing hamsters, she jumped in a cab to a government center, where volunteers sought to stop people from surrendering their pets.”
— William Yang (@WilliamYang120) January 22, 2022
“Kirsten Mitchell, founder of a Hong Kong animal-rescue charity, said in recent days she has received about 10 phone calls from volunteers offering to take in hamsters. One said she was willing to take hamsters ‘en masse.'”
— William Yang (@WilliamYang120) January 22, 2022
Hamster Riot. Simple everyday objects have become symbols of Hong Kong people’s resistance to oppression, from umbrellas to now cute furry pets, sentenced to death under strict ‘Zero Covid’ laws.Yes, Rodent Resistance is real. h/t @MinkysHighjinks. https://t.co/iXH31SYcla
— Mei Fong/ 方凤美 (@meifongwriter) January 21, 2022
#NEW Carrie Lam’s office has condemned and vowed to follow-up on intimidations against a govt pandemic advisor following authorities’ hamster cull over Covid fears
Top advisor Yuen Kwok-yung, who voiced support for the cull, said on Wed he received emails “wishing for my death” pic.twitter.com/LxTbD5Pw6F
— Chan Ho-him (@ThomasHHChan) January 20, 2022
Many hamster owners have posted their locations and the number of extra pets they could take in, reminding me of the time when people offered accommodation to protesters kicked out of their homes pic.twitter.com/4SOL6jwM08
— Viola Zhou (@violazhouyi) January 19, 2022
Xinmei Shen from the South China Morning Post described other creative ways citizens were organizing to support the hamster-loving community, notably through a NFT hamster project to “stand up” to the government’s culling policy:
The NFT project, called Carries Hamsters – named after Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam – was launched on Thursday as hamster owners in the city started dropping off their pets at a government facility.
“We will not stand for the euthanising of our little hamsters,” read an Instagram post from the team announcing the project on Thursday. “To stand up, spread [the] word and positivity – 2,000 hamsters will be resurrected on the Solana blockchain with proceeds being directly donated to an animal charity combating the euthanising of animals,” the post said. The group’s profile specifies that only part of the proceeds will be donated to local charities. [Source]
Some citizens went so far as to spend thousands of dollars in private airfare to save their pets from the misery of lockdown and the threat of government seizure:
With the city’s zero-Covid regime leading to soaring cargo rates and flight cancellations, people are grouping together to use private jets at a cost of about HK$200,000 ($25,665) for each owner with their pet, companies and individuals say.
[…] Steve Pheby, a senior consultant at Ferndale Kennels and Cattery, said that before the pandemic his business was usually evenly balanced between importing and exporting pets, but it was now 90-95 per cent based around exports. […] He noted it could cost up to HK$150,000 to transport a Labrador and its owner to the UK. [Source]
Anne Marie Roantree and Karishma Singh from from Reuters described the government’s obstinacy in the face of public criticism:
Thousands of people have offered to adopt unwanted hamsters amid a public outcry against the government and its pandemic advisers, which the office of Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam called irrational.
The Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD) said any effort to try to save hamsters would be dealt with, even if that meant calling in the law.
“If the people concerned continue with such action, or fail to return the hamsters taken away, the AFCD will stringently follow up and hand it over to the police for handling,” said the department, which has also advised people not to kiss pets. [Source]
On an unrelated note, it is telling that out of the 3 persons (the admin and 2 members of the hamster rescue Facebook group) interviewed in the article, 2 of them chose to use a pseudonym🙁
— HKDemoNow (@hkdemonow) January 20, 2022
Much of the criticism stems from the government’s flimsy scientific justification for the cull. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have stated that there is “no evidence” that animals play a significant role in spreading the virus, and City University of Hong Kong’s Center for Animal Health and Welfare said the risk of contracting the virus from pets is “negligible.” (As mobilizers have pointed out, hamsters are stuck in their cages, so it is often humans that spread the virus to hamsters in the first place.) Moreover, findings from a study by Hong Kong University’s medical school in the journal “Nature” show that “golden hamsters would stop shedding the virus through respiratory secretions after six days of isolation,” indicating that quarantine might have been a safe alternative to execution.
While #HongKong launches a hamster cull, the @CDCgov guidelines say that pets that test positive for Covid and have symptoms “usually have mild illness that you can take care of at home”. Not exactly the same approach.#hamsters #HongKonghttps://t.co/fLZDr9MdMk.
— Eric Wishart (@EricWishart) January 19, 2022
Phoebe Zhang and Holly Chik from the South China Morning Post noted the bad optics of the Hong Kong government’s policy, given the fact that hamsters across the border in Shenzhen are still running free:
But across the border, it was business as usual. As of Wednesday, hamsters were still being sold at the Shenzhen-based Rabbit Mall shop, affiliated to Hong Kong-based franchise Pet-Link.
[…] Shops on e-commerce platform Taobao, owned by the Post’s parent company Alibaba, also continued to sell hamsters.
The Post checked with at least 10 shops listed on the platform selling breeds including the popular Syrian hamster, all of which indicated that their hamsters were bred domestically and not imported. [Source]
Granted, the hamsters in mainland China are local breeds, unlike those imported into Hong Kong from the Netherlands. But local governments in China have previously cracked down hard on pets in their anti-pandemic purges. Last fall, after videos surfaced of health workers infiltrating households to beat dogs and cats to death, some local authorities attempted to justify the actions by suggesting that the virus could spread from pets to humans. Hong Kong’s hamster-harvesting policies may have been inspired by Beijing: a mere day after central government authorities began propagating their recent and highly dubious theory of COVID-19 transmission via international mail, Hong Kong began rounding up its hamsters.
The severity of the outbreak in Hong Kong may explain the government’s hardline approach and desperate search for a COVID-spreading culprit. Over the past few weeks, the government has imposed strict lockdowns on various parts of the city, imposed a 6 p.m. curfew on restaurants, and suspended incoming flights from 150 countries. The EU Chamber of Commerce recently predicted that due to Hong Kong’s strict policies, the city may not reopen until 2024. The policy of culling hamsters is but the latest failed attempt to avert the “tsunami-like” outbreak of COVID-19 afflicting the city. Despite the challenges and harsh measures, the Global Times nonetheless claimed that China has the high ground when it comes to the treatment of pets:
It must be pointed out that China is undoubtedly the most humanitarian country in the fight against the pandemic.
[…] It’s no exaggeration to say cat lives matter more in China than COVID-19 patient lives matter in those Western countries. [Source]
My article just published in The Diplomat:
The Dilemma of Hong Kong’s Fixation on Zero COVID
Hong Kong’s obsession with zero COVID is leading it down unproductive rabbit holes — like hamster culling — rather than finding long-term solutions.https://t.co/URj27CKKYl
— Charles Mok 莫乃光 (@charlesmok) January 25, 2022
And so it goes. There are still plenty of 0 COVID levers left to pull in Hong Kong. More apt lockdowns, no dining in, mandatory WFH, curfew and when people say “oh they would never, this is Hong Kong” ask them if they had 2022 starting with mass hamster extermination. https://t.co/fsSFwaZaVu
— Timothy McLaughlin (@TMclaughlin3) January 21, 2022
The hamster culling is truly the icing on the cake of Hong Kong’s increasingly degraded global brand in an era of trying to match China’s Covid-zero approach. A tipping point in terms of ordinary friends outside of HK just messaging me with links/laughing emojis.
— Iain Marlow (@iainmarlow) January 18, 2022